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The http: component provides HTTP based endpoints for consuming external HTTP resources (as a client to call external servers using HTTP).


Will by default use port 80 for HTTP and 443 for HTTPS.

You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&...

[Important]camel-http vs camel-jetty

You can only produce to endpoints generated by the HTTP component. Therefore it should never be used as input into your Fuse Mediation Router Routes. To bind/expose an HTTP endpoint via a HTTP server as input to a camel route, you can use the Jetty Component

Name Default Value Description
throwExceptionOnFailure true Fuse Mediation Router 2.0: Option to disable throwing the HttpOperationFailedException in case of failed responses from the remote server. This allows you to get all responses regardles of the HTTP status code.
bridgeEndpoint false

Camel 2.1: If the option is true , HttpProducer will ignore the Exchange.HTTP_URI header, and use the endpoint's URI for request. You may also set the throwExcpetionOnFailure to be false to let the HttpProducer send all the fault response back. Camel 2.3: If the option is true, HttpProducer and CamelServlet will skip the gzip processing if the content-encoding is "gzip".

disableStreamCache false Camel 2.3: DefaultHttpBinding will copy the request input stream into a stream cache and put it into message body if this option is false to support read it twice, otherwise DefaultHttpBinding will set the request input stream direct into the message body.
httpBindingRef null Reference to a org.apache.camel.component.http.HttpBinding in the Registry.
httpBinding null Camel 2.3: Reference to a org.apache.camel.component.http.HttpBinding in the Registry.
httpClientConfigurerRef null Reference to a org.apache.camel.component.http.HttpClientConfigurer in the Registry. From Camel 2.3 onwards prefer to use the httpClientConfigurer option.
httpClientConfigurer null Camel 2.3: Reference to a org.apache.camel.component.http.HttpClientConfigurer in the Registry.
httpClient.XXX null Setting options on the HttpClientParams. For instance httpClient.soTimeout=5000 will set the SO_TIMEOUT to 5 seconds.
clientConnectionManager null Camel 2.3: To use a custom org.apache.http.conn.ClientConnectionManager.
transferException false Camel 2.6: If enabled and an Exchange failed processing on the consumer side, and if the caused Exception was send back serialized in the response as a application/x-java-serialized-object content type (for example using Jetty or Servlet Camel components). On the producer side the exception will be deserialized and thrown as is, instead of the HttpOperationFailedException. The caused exception is required to be serialized.

The following authentication options can also be set on the HttpEndpoint:

Name Default Value Description
authMethod null Authentication method, either as Basic, Digest or NTLM.
authMethodPriority null Priority of authentication methods. Is a list separated with comma. For example: Basic,Digest to exclude NTLM.
authUsername null Username for authentication
authPassword null Password for authentication
authDomain null Domain for NTML authentication
authHost null Optional host for NTML authentication
proxyHost null The proxy host name
proxyPort null The proxy port number
proxyAuthMethod null Authentication method for proxy, either as Basic, Digest or NTLM.
proxyAuthUsername null Username for proxy authentication
proxyAuthPassword null Password for proxy authentication
proxyAuthDomain null Domain for proxy NTML authentication
proxyAuthHost null Optional host for proxy NTML authentication

When using authentication you must provide the choice of method for the authMethod or authProxyMethod options. You can configure the proxy and authentication details on either the HttpComponent or the HttpEndoint. Values provided on the HttpEndpoint will take precedence over HttpComponent. Its most likely best to configure this on the HttpComponent which allows you to do this once.

The HTTP component uses convention over configuration which means that if you have not explicit set a authMethodPriority then it will fallback and use the select(ed) authMethod as priority as well. So if you use authMethod.Basic then the auhtMethodPriority will be Basic only.

The following Exchange properties are recognized by HTTP endpoints:

Name Type Description
Exchange.HTTP_URI String URI to call. Will override existing URI set directly on the endpoint.
Exchange.HTTP_PATH String Request URI's path, the header will be used to build the request URI with the HTTP_URI. Camel 2.3.0: If the path is start with "/", http producer will try to find the relative path based on the Exchange.HTTP_BASE_URI header or the exchange.getFromEndpoint().getEndpointUri();
Exchange.HTTP_QUERY String URI parameters. Will override existing URI parameters set directly on the endpoint.
Exchange.HTTP_RESPONSE_CODE int The HTTP response code from the external server. Is 200 for OK.
Exchange.HTTP_CHARACTER_ENCODING String Character encoding.
Exchange.CONTENT_TYPE String The HTTP content type. Is set on both the IN and OUT message to provide a content type, such as text/html.
Exchange.CONTENT_ENCODING String The HTTP content encoding. Is set on both the IN and OUT message to provide a content encoding, such as gzip.
Exchange.HTTP_SERVLET_REQUEST HttpServletRequest Fuse Mediation Router 2.3: The HttpServletRequest object.
Exchange.HTTP_SERVLET_RESPONSE HttpServletResponse Fuse Mediation Router 2.3: The HttpServletResponse object.
Exchange.HTTP_PROTOCOL_VERSION String Camel 2.5: You can set the http protocol version with this header, eg. "HTTP/1.0". If you didn't specify the header, HttpProducer will use the default value "HTTP/1.1"

Only for >= Fuse Mediation Router 1.6.2 The HTTP component will detect Java System Properties for http.proxyHost and http.proxyPort and use them if provided. See more at SUN http proxy documentation.

To avoid the System properties conflicts, from Fuse Mediation Router 2.2.0 you can only set the proxy configure from CameContext or URI.

           <property key="http.proxyHost" value=""/>
           <property key="http.proxyPort" value="8080"/>

Fuse Mediation Router will first set the settings from Java System or CamelContext Properties and then the endpoint proxy options if provided. So you can override the system properties with the endpoint options.

Available as of Fuse Mediation Router 2.0 In the route below we want to route a message that we enrich in Implementing Routes with data returned from a remote HTTP call. As we want any response from the remote server, we set the throwExceptionOnFailure option to false so we get any response in the AggregationStrategy. As the code is based on a unit test that simulates a HTTP status code 404, there is some assertion code etc.

// We set throwExceptionOnFailure to false to let Fuse Mediation Router return any response from the remove HTTP server without thrown
// HttpOperationFailedException in case of failures.
// This allows us to handle all responses in the aggregation strategy where we can check the HTTP response code
// and decide what to do. As this is based on an unit test we assert the code is 404
from("direct:start").enrich("http://localhost:8222/myserver?throwExceptionOnFailure=false&user=Camel", new AggregationStrategy() {
    public Exchange aggregate(Exchange original, Exchange resource) {
        // get the response code
        Integer code = resource.getIn().getHeader(Exchange.HTTP_RESPONSE_CODE, Integer.class);
        assertEquals(404, code.intValue());
        return resource;

// this is our jetty server where we simulate the 404
        .process(new Processor() {
            public void process(Exchange exchange) throws Exception {
                exchange.getOut().setBody("Page not found");
                exchange.getOut().setHeader(Exchange.HTTP_RESPONSE_CODE, 404);

The HTTP Component has a org.apache.commons.httpclient.HttpConnectionManager where you can configure various global configuration for the given component. By global, we mean that any endpoint the component creates has the same shared HttpConnectionManager. So, if we want to set a different value for the max connection per host, we need to define it on the HTTP component and not on the endpoint URI that we usually use. So here comes:

First, we define the http component in Spring XML. Yes, we use the same scheme name, http, because otherwise Fuse Mediation Router will auto-discover and create the component with default settings. What we need is to overrule this so we can set our options. In the sample below we set the max connection to 5 instead of the default of 2.

<bean id="http" class="org.apache.camel.component.http.HttpComponent">
    <property name="camelContext" ref="camel"/>
    <property name="httpConnectionManager" ref="myHttpConnectionManager"/>

<bean id="myHttpConnectionManager" class="org.apache.commons.httpclient.MultiThreadedHttpConnectionManager">
    <property name="params" ref="myHttpConnectionManagerParams"/>

<bean id="myHttpConnectionManagerParams" class="org.apache.commons.httpclient.params.HttpConnectionManagerParams">
    <property name="defaultMaxConnectionsPerHost" value="5"/>

And then we can just use it as we normally do in our routes:

<camelContext id="camel" xmlns="" trace="true">
        <from uri="direct:start"/>
        <to uri=""/>
        <to uri="mock:result"/>
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