Introduction

This document describes how to install and configure ActiveMQ for both Unix and Windows' platforms.

Document Organization

The Getting Started Guide for ActiveMQ contains the following sections:

Pre-Installation Requirements

Hardware:

Operating Systems:

Environment:

Installation Procedure for Windows

This section of the Getting Started Guide explains how to install binary and source distributions of ActiveMQ on a Windows system.

Windows Binary Installation

This procedure explains how to download and install the binary distribution on a Windows system.

  1. From a browser, navigate to activemq.apache.org/.

  2. Click the Download link in the navigation pane (the left pane).

  3. Click the ActiveMQ Release link under the "Latest Releases" section. This brings up a new page.

  4. Under the Download Here section, select the desired distribution (you may have to scroll down to see the "Download Here" section).
    For a binary distribution, the filename will be similar to: activemq-x.x.x.zip.

  5. Extract the files from the ZIP file into a directory of your choice.

  6. Proceed to the Starting ActiveMQ section of this document.

  7. Following start-up, go to the Testing the Installation section of this document.

Windows Source Installation

This procedure explains how to download and install the source distribution on a Windows system.

NOTE: ActiveMQ requires Java 6 to run and to build

  1. From a browser, navigate to activemq.apache.org/.

  2. Click the Download link in the navigation pane (the left pane).

  3. Click the ActiveMQ 5.x Release link under the "Latest Releases" section. This brings up another page.

  4. Under the Download Here section, select the desired distribution (if necessary, scroll down to see the "Download Here" section).
    For a source distribution, the filename will be similar to: activemq-x.x-src.zip.

  5. Extract ActiveMQ from the ZIP file into a directory of your choice.

  6. Build ActiveMQ using Maven 2.1 or greater and Java 1.6.

The recommended method of building ActiveMQ is the following:

cd [activemq_install_dir]
mvn clean install

where [activemq_install_dir] is the directory in which ActiveMQ was installed.

If the above build fails on some tests, type the following:

cd [activemq_install_dir]
mvn clean install -Dmaven.test.skip=true 
  1. If you prefer to use an IDE, then you can auto-generate the IDE's project file using maven plugins:

    mvn eclipse:eclipse
    

    or

    mvn idea:idea
    

    Feel free to use any other applicable IDE. Please refer to the plugin reference for more details.

  2. Start ActiveMQ from the target directory, for example:

    cd [activemq_install_dir]\assembly\target
    unzip activemq-x.x-SNAPSHOT.zip
    cd activemq-x.x-SNAPSHOT
    bin\activemq
    

    NOTE: Working directories get created relative to the current directory. To create the working directories in the proper place, ActiveMQ must be launched from its home/installation directory.

  3. Proceed to the Testing the Installation section.

Warning

If you are building ActiveMQ 5.x under Windows using Cygwin there is a path name length limitation. If the path name length is exceeded, you may see build errors. To correct this, move the ActiveMQ source directory higher in the file system tree, e.g., /cygdrive/c/d/sm.

Windows Developer's Release

This procedure explains how to download and install the latest developer's snapshot.

NOTE: ActiveMQ requires Java 5 to run and to build

  1. From a browser, navigate to activemq.apache.org/.

  2. Click the Download link in the navigation pane (the left pane).

  3. Click the Current development SNAPSHOT release link.

  4. Select the version of ActiveMQ to download (if necessary, scroll down to see the ActiveMQ snapshots).

  5. Extract the files from the ZIP file into a directory of your choice.

  6. If a binary snapshot was downloaded, proceed to the Starting ActiveMQ section of this document.
    If a source snapshot was downloaded, perform step 6 and step 7 of the Windows Source Installation procedure.

  7. Following start-up, proceed to the Testing the Installation section.

Installation Procedure for Unix

Unix Binary Installation

This procedure explains how to download and install the binary distribution on a Unix system.
NOTE: There are several alternative ways to perform this type of installation.

  1. Download the activemq gzip file to the Unix machine, using either a browser or a tool, i.e., wget, scp, ftp, etc. for example:

    > wget http://activemq.apache.org/path/tofile/apache-activemq-5.0-tar.gz
    
  2. Extract the files from the gzip file into a directory of your choice. For example:

    > tar zxvf activemq-x.x.x.tar.gz
    
  3. If the ActiveMQ start-up script is not executable, change its permissions. The ActiveMQ script is located in the bin directory. For example:

    > cd [activemq_install_dir]/bin
    > chmod 755 activemq
    
  4. Proceed to the Starting ActiveMQ section of this document.

  5. Following start-up, go to the Testing the Installation section.

Unix Source Installation

This procedure explains how to download and install the source distribution on a Unix system. This procedure assumes the Unix machine has a browser. Please see the previous Unix Binary Installation section for details on how to install ActiveMQ without a browser.

NOTE: ActiveMQ requires Java 6 to run and to build

  1. From a browser, navigate to activemq.apache.org/.

  2. Click the Download link in the navigation pane (the left pane).

  3. Click the ActiveMQ 4.x Release link under the "Latest Releases" section. This brings up a new page.

  4. Under the Download Here section, select the desired distribution (if necessary, scroll down to see the "Download Here" section).
    For a source distribution, the filename will be similar to: activemq-x.x-src.tar.gz.

  5. Extract the files from the ZIP file into a directory of your choice. For example:

    tar zxvf activemq.x.x-src.tar.gz
    
  6. Build ActiveMQ using Maven 2.1 or greater and Java 6:
    The preferred method of building ActiveMQ is the following:

    cd [activemq_install_dir]
    mvn clean install
    

    If Maven crashes with a java.lang.OutOfMemoryError, you you need to do this first (assuming a Bourne-like shell):

    export MAVEN_OPTS=-Xmx512M
    

    If the above build fails on some tests, do the following:

    cd [activemq_install_dir]
    mvn clean install -Dmaven.test.skip=true 
    

    If you prefer to use an IDE then you can auto-generate the IDE's project file using maven plugins:

    mvn eclipse:eclipse
    

    or

    mvn idea:idea
    

    Feel free to use any other applicable IDE. Please refer to the plugin reference for more details.
    NOTE: Working directories get created relative to the current directory. To create working directories in the proper place, ActiveMQ must be launched from its home/installation directory.

  7. Proceed to the Starting ActiveMQ section of this document.

  8. Proceed to Testing the Installation section.

Unix Developer's Release

This procedure explains how to download and install the latest developer's snapshot.

NOTE: ActiveMQ requires Java 5 to run and to build

  1. From a browser, navigate to activemq.apache.org/.

  2. Click the Download link in the navigation pane (the left pane).

  3. Click the Current development SNAPSHOT release link.

  4. Select the version of ActiveMQ to download (you may have to scroll down to see the ActiveMQ snapshots). The filename will be similar to: activemq-x.x.x-tar.gz or activemq-x.x.x-src.tar.gz.

  5. Extract the files from the gzip file into a directory of your choice. For example:
    For a binary developer's snapshot:

    tar zxvf activemq-x.x.x.tar.gz
    

    For a source developer's snapshot:

    tar zxvf activemq-x.x.x-src.tar.gz
    
  6. If a binary snapshot was downloaded, to make it executable, the ActiveMQ script may need its permissions changed:

    cd [activemq_install_dir]/bin
    chmod 755 activemq
    
  7. For a binary snapshot, proceed to the Starting ActiveMQ section of this document.

  8. If a source snapshot was downloaded perform steps 6 - 8 of the Unix Source Installation procedure.

  9. Proceed to the Testing the Installation section.

Starting ActiveMQ

There now follows instructions on how to run the ActiveMQ Message Broker.

On Windows:

From a console window, change to the installation directory and run ActiveMQ:

cd [activemq_install_dir]

where activemq_install_dir is the directory in which ActiveMQ was installed, e.g., c:\Program Files\ActiveMQ-5.x.


Then type:

bin\activemq

NOTE: Working directories get created relative to the current directory. To create working directories in the proper place, ActiveMQ must be launched from its home/installation directory.

On Unix:

From a command shell, change to the installation directory and run ActiveMQ:

cd [activemq_install_dir]

where activemq_install_dir is the directory in which ActiveMQ was installed, e.g., /usr/local/activemq-5.x.


Then type:

bin/activemq start

OR

bin/activemq start > /tmp/smlog  2>&1 &;
Note: /tmp/smlog may be changed to another file name.

NOTE: Working directories get created relative to the current directory. To create working directories in the proper place, ActiveMQ must be launched from its home/installation directory.

Warning

Do NOT close the console or shell in which ActiveMQ was started, as that will terminate ActiveMQ (unless ActiveMQ was started with nohup).

nohup bin/activemq > /tmp/smlog 2>&1 &

More help

For other ways of running the broker see Here. For example you can run an embedded broker inside your JMS Connection to avoid starting a separate process.

Testing the Installation

If ActiveMQ is up and running without problems, the Window's console window or the Unix command shell will display information similar to the following log line:

INFO  ActiveMQ JMS Message Broker (ID:apple-s-Computer.local-51222-1140729837569-0:0) has started



ActiveMQ's default port is 61616. From another window run netstat and search for port 61616.

From a Windows console, type:

netstat -an|find "61616"

OR

From a Unix command shell, type:

netstat -an|grep 61616

Monitoring ActiveMQ

There are various ways to monitor ActiveMQ. If you are on version 4.2 or later of ActiveMQ you can then monitor ActiveMQ using the Web Console by pointing your browser at

http://localhost:8161/admin

Or you can use the JMX support to view the running state of ActiveMQ.

Stopping ActiveMQ

For both Windows and Unix installations, terminate ActiveMQ by typing "CTRL-C" in the console or command shell in which it is running.

If ActiveMQ was started in the background on Unix, the process can be killed, with the following:

cd [activemq_install_dir]

where activemq_install_dir is the directory in which ActiveMQ was installed, e.g., /usr/local/activemq-5.x.


Then type:

bin/activemq stop

Or you can do the following:

ps -ef|grep activemq
kill [PID]
  where [PID] is the process id of the ActiveMQ process.

Configuring ActiveMQ

The ActiveMQ broker should now run. You can configure the broker by specifying an Xml Configuration file as a parameter to the activemq command. An alternative is to use the Broker Configuration URI to configure things on the command line in a concise format (though the configuration options are not as extensive as if you use Java or XML code). You can also

Also see Configuring Transports to see how you can configure the various connection, transport and broker options using the connection URL in the ActiveMQConnectionFactory.

See the Initial Configuration for details of which jars you need to add to your classpath to start using ActiveMQ in your Java code

If you want to use JNDI to connect to your JMS provider then please view the JNDI Support. If you are a Spring user you should read about Spring Support

After the installation, ActiveMQ is running with a basic configuration. For details on configuring options, please see refer to the Configuration section.

Additional Resources

If you are new to using ActiveMQ, running the Web Samples or the Examples is a good next step to learn more about ActiveMQ.