CSV

The CSV Data Format uses Apache Commons CSV to handle CSV payloads (Comma Separated Values) such as those exported/imported by Excel.

Options

Option Type Description
config CSVConfig Can be used to set a custom CSVConfig object.
strategy CSVStrategy Camel uses by default CSVStrategy.DEFAULT_STRATEGY.
autogenColumns boolean Camel 1.6.1/2.0: Is default true. By default, columns are autogenerated in the resulting CSV. Subsequent messages use the previously created columns with new fields being added at the end of the line.
delimiter String Camel 2.4: Is default ,. Can be used to configure the delimiter, if it's not the comma.
skipFirstLine boolean Camel 2.10: Is default false. While unmarshalling can be used to skip the first line of a CSV input which contains the CSV headers.

Marshalling a Map to CSV

The component allows you to marshal a Java Map (or any other message type that can be converted in a Map) into a CSV payload.

An example: if you send a message with this map...

        Map<String, Object> body = new HashMap<String, Object>();
        body.put("foo", "abc");
        body.put("bar", 123);

... through this route ...

                from("direct:start").
                    marshal().csv().
                    to("mock:result");

... you will end up with a String containing this CSV message

abc,123

Sending the Map below through this route will result in a CSV message that looks like foo,bar

Unmarshalling a CSV message into a Java List

Unmarshalling will transform a CSV messsage into a Java List with CSV file lines (containing another List with all the field values).

An example: we have a CSV file with names of persons, their IQ and their current activity.

Jack Dalton, 115, mad at Averell
Joe Dalton, 105, calming Joe
William Dalton, 105, keeping Joe from killing Averell
Averell Dalton, 80, playing with Rantanplan
Lucky Luke, 120, capturing the Daltons

We can now use the CSV component to unmarshal this file:

                from("file:src/test/resources/?fileName=daltons.csv&noop=true").
                    unmarshal().csv().
                    to("mock:daltons");

The resulting message will contain a List<List<String>> like...


Marshalling a List<Map> to CSV

Available as of Camel 2.1

If you have multiple rows of data you want to be marshalled into CSV format you can now store the message payload as a List<Map<String, Object>> object where the list contains a Map for each row.

File Poller of CSV, then unmarshaling

Given a bean which can handle the incoming data...

MyCsvHandler.java

// Some comments here
public void doHandleCsvData(List<List<String>> csvData)
{
    // do magic here
}

... your route then looks as follows

<route>
        <!-- poll every 10 seconds -->
        <from uri="file:///some/path/to/pickup/csvfiles?delete=true&onsumer.delay=10000" />
        <unmarshal><csv /></unmarshal>
        <to uri="bean:myCsvHandler?method=doHandleCsvData" />
</route>

Marshaling with a pipe as delimiter

Using the Spring/XML DSL:

<route>
  <from uri="direct:start" />
  <marshal>
    <csv delimiter="|" />
  </marshal>
  <to uri="bean:myCsvHandler?method=doHandleCsv" />
</route>

Or the Java DSL:

CsvDataFormat csv = new CsvDataFormat();
CSVConfig config = new CSVConfig();
config.setDelimiter('|');
csv.setConfig(config);

from("direct:start")
  .marshal(csv)
  .convertBodyTo(String.class)
.to("bean:myCsvHandler?method=doHandleCsv");
CsvDataFormat csv = new CsvDataFormat();
csv.setDelimiter("|");

from("direct:start")
  .marshal(csv)
  .convertBodyTo(String.class)
.to("bean:myCsvHandler?method=doHandleCsv");

Using autogenColumns, configRef and strategyRef attributes inside XML DSL

Available as of Camel 2.9.2 / 2.10

You can customize the CSV Data Format to make use of your own CVSConfig and/or CVSStrategy. Also note that the default value of the autogenColumns option is true. The following example should illustrate this customization.

<route>
  <from uri="direct:start" />
  <marshal>
    <!-- make use of a strategy other than the default one which is 'org.apache.commons.csv.CSVStrategy.DEFAULT_STRATEGY' -->
    <csv autogenColumns="false" delimiter="|" configRef="csvConfig" strategyRef="excelStrategy" />
  </marshal>
  <convertBodyTo type="java.lang.String" />
  <to uri="mock:result" />
</route>

<bean id="csvConfig" class="org.apache.commons.csv.writer.CSVConfig">
  <property name="fields">
    <list>
      <bean class="org.apache.commons.csv.writer.CSVField">
        <property name="name" value="orderId" />
      </bean>
      <bean class="org.apache.commons.csv.writer.CSVField">
        <property name="name" value="amount" />
      </bean>
    </list>
  </property>
</bean>

<bean id="excelStrategy" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.FieldRetrievingFactoryBean">
  <property name="staticField" value="org.apache.commons.csv.CSVStrategy.EXCEL_STRATEGY" />
</bean>

Using skipFirstLine option while unmarshaling

Available as of Camel 2.10

You can instruct the CSV Data Format to skip the first line which contains the CSV headers. Using the Spring/XML DSL:

<route>
  <from uri="direct:start" />
  <unmarshal>
    <csv skipFirstLine="true" />
  </unmarshal>
  <to uri="bean:myCsvHandler?method=doHandleCsv" />
</route>

Or the Java DSL:

CsvDataFormat csv = new CsvDataFormat();
csv.setSkipFirstLine(true);

from("direct:start")
  .unmarshal(csv)
.to("bean:myCsvHandler?method=doHandleCsv");

Unmarshaling with a pipe as delimiter

Using the Spring/XML DSL:

<route>
  <from uri="direct:start" />
  <unmarshal>
    <csv delimiter="|" />
  </unmarshal>
  <to uri="bean:myCsvHandler?method=doHandleCsv" />
</route>

Or the Java DSL:

CsvDataFormat csv = new CsvDataFormat();
CSVStrategy strategy = CSVStrategy.DEFAULT_STRATEGY;
strategy.setDelimiter('|');
csv.setStrategy(strategy);

from("direct:start")
  .unmarshal(csv)
.to("bean:myCsvHandler?method=doHandleCsv");
CsvDataFormat csv = new CsvDataFormat();
csv.setDelimiter("|");

from("direct:start")
  .unmarshal(csv)
.to("bean:myCsvHandler?method=doHandleCsv");

Dependencies

To use CSV in your camel routes you need to add the a dependency on camel-csv which implements this data format.

If you use maven you could just add the following to your pom.xml, substituting the version number for the latest & greatest release (see the download page for the latest versions).

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-csv</artifactId>
  <version>2.0.0</version>
</dependency>