Velocity

The velocity: component allows you to process a message using an Apache Velocity template. This can be ideal when using Templating to generate responses for requests.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-velocity</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

URI format

velocity:templateName[?options]

Where templateName is the classpath-local URI of the template to invoke; or the complete URL of the remote template (eg: file://folder/myfile.vm).

You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&...

Options

Option Default Description
loaderCache true Velocity based file loader cache.
contentCache New option in Camel 1.4: Cache for the resource content when it is loaded. By default, it's false in Camel 1.x. By default, it's true in Camel 2.x.
Note : as of Camel 2.9 cached resource content can be cleared via JMX using the endpoint's clearContentCache operation.
encoding null New option in Camel 1.6: Character encoding of the resource content.
propertiesFile null New option in Camel 2.1: The URI of the properties file which is used for VelocityEngine initialization.

Message Headers

The velocity component sets a couple headers on the message (you can't set these yourself and from Camel 2.1 velocity component will not set these headers which will cause some side effect on the dynamic template support):

Header Description
CamelVelocityResourceUri Camel 2.0: The templateName as a String object.

In Camel 1.4 headers set during the Velocity evaluation are returned to the message and added as headers. Then its kinda possible to return values from Velocity to the Message.

For example, to set the header value of fruit in the Velocity template .tm:

$in.setHeader('fruit', 'Apple')

The fruit header is now accessible from the message.out.headers.

Velocity Context

Camel will provide exchange information in the Velocity context (just a Map). The Exchange is transfered as:

key value
exchange The Exchange itself.
exchange.properties The Exchange properties.
headers The headers of the In message.
camelContext The Camel Context intance.
request The In message.
in The In message.
body The In message body.
out The Out message (only for InOut message exchange pattern).
response The Out message (only for InOut message exchange pattern).

Hot reloading

The Velocity template resource is, by default, hot reloadable for both file and classpath resources (expanded jar). If you set contentCache=true, Camel will only load the resource once, and thus hot reloading is not possible. This scenario can be used in production, when the resource never changes.

Dynamic templates

Available as of Camel 2.1
Camel provides two headers by which you can define a different resource location for a template or the template content itself. If any of these headers is set then Camel uses this over the endpoint configured resource. This allows you to provide a dynamic template at runtime.

Header Type Description
CamelVelocityResourceUri String Camel 2.1: A URI for the template resource to use instead of the endpoint configured.
CamelVelocityTemplate String Camel 2.1: The template to use instead of the endpoint configured.

Samples

For example you could use something like

from("activemq:My.Queue").
  to("velocity:com/acme/MyResponse.vm");

To use a Velocity template to formulate a response to a message for InOut message exchanges (where there is a JMSReplyTo header).

If you want to use InOnly and consume the message and send it to another destination, you could use the following route:

from("activemq:My.Queue").
  to("velocity:com/acme/MyResponse.vm").
  to("activemq:Another.Queue");

And to use the content cache, e.g. for use in production, where the .vm template never changes:

from("activemq:My.Queue").
  to("velocity:com/acme/MyResponse.vm?contentCache=true").
  to("activemq:Another.Queue");

And a file based resource:

from("activemq:My.Queue").
  to("velocity:file://myfolder/MyResponse.vm?contentCache=true").
  to("activemq:Another.Queue");

In Camel 2.1 it's possible to specify what template the component should use dynamically via a header, so for example:

from("direct:in").
  setHeader("CamelVelocityResourceUri").constant("path/to/my/template.vm").
  to("velocity:dummy");

In Camel 2.1 it's possible to specify a template directly as a header the component should use dynamically via a header, so for example:

from("direct:in").
  setHeader("CamelVelocityTemplate").constant("Hi this is a velocity template that can do templating ${body}").
  to("velocity:dummy");

The Email Sample

In this sample we want to use Velocity templating for an order confirmation email. The email template is laid out in Velocity as:

Dear ${headers.lastName}, ${headers.firstName}

Thanks for the order of ${headers.item}.

Regards Camel Riders Bookstore
${body}

And the java code:

    private Exchange createLetter() {
        Exchange exchange = context.getEndpoint("direct:a").createExchange();
        Message msg = exchange.getIn();
        msg.setHeader("firstName", "Claus");
        msg.setHeader("lastName", "Ibsen");
        msg.setHeader("item", "Camel in Action");
        msg.setBody("PS: Next beer is on me, James");
        return exchange;
    }

    @Test
    public void testVelocityLetter() throws Exception {
        MockEndpoint mock = getMockEndpoint("mock:result");
        mock.expectedMessageCount(1);
        mock.expectedBodiesReceived("Dear Ibsen, Claus\n\nThanks for the order of Camel in Action.\n\nRegards Camel Riders Bookstore\nPS: Next beer is on me, James");

        template.send("direct:a", createLetter());

        mock.assertIsSatisfied();
    }

    protected RouteBuilder createRouteBuilder() throws Exception {
        return new RouteBuilder() {
            public void configure() throws Exception {
                from("direct:a").to("velocity:org/apache/camel/component/velocity/letter.vm").to("mock:result");
            }
        };
    }

See Also